Sinusitis – also known as rhinosinusitis – is a very common problem affecting millions of people every year. Normally, sinuses are filled with air, but when sinuses become blocked, they can fill with mucous and can become infected. This infection in turn can cause inflammation of the tissue lining of the sinuses known as pansinusitis. A severe sinus infection can result in inflammation and swelling that may prevent the sinuses from draining properly.
Types of Sinusitis
Otolaryngologists (ENT physicians) usually divide sinusitis cases into three main types:
- Acute Rhinosinusitis – lasting up to 12 weeks
- Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) – lasting more than 12 weeks
- Recurrent Acute Rhinosinusitis – 4 or more acute sinusitis episodes per year
There are four types of sinuses – maxillary (behind the cheek bones), ethmoid (between the eyes), frontal (in the forehead) and sphenoid (behind the eyes). All of these sinuses can be affected by sinusitis. The majority of cases involve the sinuses behind the cheek bones and between the eyes.
Facial congestion/fullness • Headaches • Nasal obstruction/blockage • Fatigue • Nasal discharge • Dental pain • Fever • Bad breath
What to Do
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should mention them to your doctor.